instruction involves in-water participation or calls for the parent to be
close at hand lending support. The swim school shall involve the parent in
the water education of their child by communicating to the parent (in
writing, verbally and visually) the goals, techniques, expectatons and risks of the instruction.
THE LEARNING ATMOSPHERE SHOULD BE SAFE AND HAPPY WITH LOVING TEACHERS.
|A happy and secure environment shall be created
that will provide for the baby's social, intellectual, physical,
and emotional growth. Learning should be individualized based on
each child's capabilities. Children should be taught one to one:
either privately with one teacher and one student (with or without
parent in-water) or, as a group, each child accompanied by a
parent or other adult caregiver known to the child. The key to the
learning is the emphasis on positive learning environment working
toward aquatic safety and enjoyment.
INSTRUCTION SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT BY QUALIFIED TEACHERS WHO HAVE SPECIAL
TRAINING AND EXPERIENCE IN: INFANT SWIM EDUCATION, CHILD DEVELOPMENT, AND
|Because of the developmental differences
between the young child and older children, teachers must have
specific understanding, aptitude, patience and enthusiasm for this
age group. Staff must continue their education to stay current in new educational developments.
PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH KNOWN MEDICAL PROBLEMS SHALL NOTIFY THE SCHOOL
BEFORE PARTICIPATING IN INSTRUCTION. PARENTS SHALL MONITOR THEIR CHILD'S
HEALTH BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER PROGRAM PARTICIPATION.
Guidelines shall be provided to parents
A WARM POOL WATER TEMPERATURE MUST BE MAINTAINED TO PERMIT MAXIMUM
LEARNING PROGRESS AND SWIMMING COMFORT.
Water temperature of 87 to 94 degrees is recommended for optimal learning, comfort and enjoyment.
APPROPRIATE CLOTHING SHOULD BE WORN BY YOUNG CHILDREN TO MINIMIZE THE
SPREAD OF BODY WASTES INTO THE WATER.
|Parents must be directed to dress children in lightweight
apparel that is snug-fitting to the leg.
ALL LAWS AND REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO WATER PURITY, POOL CARE AND
SANITATION MUST BE CAREFULLY FOLLOWED.
|Continuous attention must be given to
maintaining facilities in accord with bathing codes and water
purity standards. Entrances, locker rooms and pool decks must be
maintained in a safe, clean and orderly manner with the idea that
parents carrying young children and pushing strollers must be
accommodated. Slippery surfaces and impeded walkways can be very
dangerous to parents and children. Proper areas for changing and
disposal of diapers must be provided.
PROCEDURES SUCH AS FACE SUBMERSIONS, ESPECIALLY THOSE WHICH ARE CONTROLLED
BY AN ADULT, MUST BE INITIALLY LIMITED BOTH IN DURATION AND IN NUMBER FOR
THE YOUNG CHILD. WATER SESSIONS FOR BEGINNING STUDENTS ARE TO BE A MAXIMUM
OF 30 MINUTES IN LENGTH.
|During initial learning of breath control,
submersions of young children must be brief (one to three seconds)
and few in number (less than six per lesson). Once the child can
consistently initiate the submersions AND can demonstrate
competent breath control, submersions can become longer and more
Drafted at the National Swim School Association (NSSA)
Adopted by the NSSA Board of Directors and Membership
Orlando, Florida - February 23, 1990
The above guidelines were prepared having (1) consulted the nation's top swim school owners and teacher's who have been teaching infants successfully since the 1940’s and (2) reviewed related guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Council for National Cooperation in Aquatics.
If you have other questions about aquatic programs for young children, please talk with the director of your swim school. You may also contact us: National Swim School Association 1200 35th Street, Suite 403-8, West Des Moines, IA 50266 USAOffice@nationalswimschools.com