Preschoolers - Water Safety Tips

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Rules for pool safety

There are several other things you can do to keep your small child safe around a pool. Watch him or her closely when near pools or spas. Never leave a small child alone in or near a pool, even for a moment. Keep toys away from the pool so that your child is not tempted to reach for them. Empty blow-up pools and put them away after each use. 

The following rules will also help keep your child safe around water:
Never swim alone.
Do not use a diving board in a pool that is not approved for it.
Avoid pool slides; they are very dangerous.
Prevent shock hazards by keeping electrical appliances away from the pool.
Do not allow tricycles or wagons at poolside.
Keep a phone at poolside for emergency use.

It may not be possible to watch a child every second. For this reason, there should be a fence immediately around the pool or spa that:
completely separates the pool from the house and play area of the yard
has four sides - not including the wall of the house
is at least 48 inches tall
does not have more than 4 inches between slats (in chain-link fences, the diamond shape should not be bigger than 1-3/4 inches)
has a self-closing and self-latching gate that is in good working order. The latches should be higher than a child can reach
has a gate that opens away from the pool so that, if unlatched, it closes when a toddler leans against it

Combined with the watchful eyes of an adult, a fence is the best way to protect not only your child, but other children who may visit or live in the neighborhood. Automatic pool covers (motorized covers operated by a switch), door alarms, or pool alarms also can be helpful when used with a four-sided fence. When using pool covers, cover the pool completely so that your child cannot slip under the pool cover. Make sure there is no standing water on top of the pool cover. Be aware that floating solar covers are not safety covers.


CPR : life-giving breath

CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) can save a child's life and help reduce injury after a near-drowning. Anyone watching a small child around a pool should learn and regularly review CPR for infants and children. In an emergency, CPR should be given immediately at poolside. Studies have found that the sooner CPR is given, the greater the victim's chances of survival. CPR training is available through the American Red Cross, the American Heart Association, and your local hospital or fire department.

Besides CPR training, here are some Other ways to be ready for an emergency:
Always have a phone near the pool and post the telephone numbers for the emergency medical services (usually 911) in your area.
Post safety and CPR instructions at poolside.
Make sure all rescue equipment (shepherd's hook, safety ring, rope) is nearby.

In the event of an emergency
Yell for help. Carefully lift the child out of the water.
Start CPR right away. Have someone call the emergency medical service (911).
Even if the child seems normal when revived, see your pediatrician right away.